However, rambutan can have their productivity affected by fruit rots, leaf spot and stem canker. Rambutan is a great source of several disease-fighting antioxidants that can help support better health. The disease is characterized by a whitish, mealy powdery growth on young leaves and twigs, which covers the entire leaf and young growing shoots. Technical culture which includes reducing the humidity of gardens and trees by: cutting and removing water branches, old and dead branches, remnants of fruit stalks after harvesting, and also cleaning weeds that grow under and around trees. Use it twice a week and wash it well after 20 minutes of application. Use it twice a week and wash it well after 20 minutes of application. Disease spread.For now, powdery mildew is one of the most prevalent groups of diseases that cause damage to rambutan plants throughout the world such as Sri Lanka, Thailand, Malaysia, the Philippines and Indonesia. Belonging to a family involved in commercial farming of rambutan, these are the tips i'd like to give, from years of our observation and experience with growing rambutan: 1. Rambutan seed fat is used as a cocoa butter [10] substitute. The rambutan tree, similar to other tropical trees that bear fruits like the mamoncillo, lychee, and longan, is native to the Malay-Indonesian region, and other regions of tropical Southeast Asia. resulted in a decrease in body weight by 2.44% compared to the initial body weight and could also decrease appetite with the amount of food intake equal to 10.71 g compared with the positive test group at 12.49 g. The rats administered 35 mg/kg b.w. the centre of the leaf and the leaf nerve are slightly curved. The affected fruits drop off prematurely and the yield … The rambutan is a rich source of vitamins and minerals that aids in losing weight, strengthening bones, and also offers anti-parasitic properties. Young shoots of rambutan are used to make dye (green & yellow). +62 755 20137   Fax. Even the small fruits also get infected. Improves sperm quality. The most common pest attacking rambutan trees are leaf hoppers. J National Sci Council Sri Lanka, 27 (1999), pp. Rambutan fruit is commonly eaten out-of-hand after merely tearing the rind open, or cutting it around the middle and pulling it off. Harvesting . Wilson Wijeratnam, R.L.C. Algal leaf spot is controlled easily by lime sulphur sprays. They are canned in syrup on a limited scale. The edible fruit goes into food. Nephelium lappaceum (rambutan) 1, flowering branch; 2, branchlet with fruits. Rambutan, (Nephelium lappaceum), tree of the soapberry family (Sapindaceae). Rambutan disease? Mushroom Root Rot – This disease is usually only a problem in locations where lychee trees are grown amongst live oak trees. « previous next » ... , Kauai HI Z11; Rambutan disease? The best rind appearance and color can be achieved if the fruit is harvested 16 to 28 days after it changes color. Rambutan is subject to attack by several plant-parasitic organisms, some of which can be severe. Rambutan fruit is high in iron, vitamin C, copper and antioxidants. This is caused because usually the seedlings in the nurseries are given shade so that the relative humidity ranges from 71-81%. Wijesundera, M. … Mucor rot Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum L.) is an extensively grown fruit crop in Sri Lanka. The most common pest attacking rambutan trees are leaf hoppers. Rambutan requires approximately 107 to 111 days from fruit set to harvest. Rambutan is safe for pregnant women, but it's best to consult a doctor and a … Phaeosphaerella mangiferae Phoma sorghina Pseudocercospora mali Pseudocercospora subsessilis Septoria sp. Pest and Disease Control. +62 755 20592                                                  Email: balitbu@litbang.pertanian.go.id , balitbu@gmail.com. J National Sci Council Sri Lanka, 27 (1999), pp. The powdery coverage of foliage and twigs leads to leaf drop and die-back (Devarajan 1943). Harvesting . Photo about Close up Green leaf of rambutan fruit. Other pests like mealy bug (Planococcus citri) from fruit set to fruit ripening stage, fruit fly (Bactrocera dorsalis) at fruit ripening stage, and leaf folder (Thalassodes quadraria) damage on young foliages have also been observed. It is native to Malaysia, where it is commonly cultivated for its tasty fruit, also called rambutan. Rambutan is rich in antioxidants that fight the free radicals and prevent any ailment that they might cause. Rambutan fruit attracts birds such as rainbow lorikeets, and flying foxes. Powdery mildew disease is the most destructive disease of rambutan in Sri Lanka, which seriously threatens quality fruit production. Fruit rot of rambutan was caused by complexes of fungal pathogens, belonging to 9 different species in 8 genera: Lasmenia , Lasiodiplodia , Colletotrichum, Calonectria , Such fruits shrink and become mummified. Heals sores. More spots appear on the top and sides of the fruit and may, by harvest, cover up to half of the fruit surface. It is closely related to several other edible tropical fruits including the lychee, longan, pulasan, and mamoncillo. Therefore, studies were conducted to identify the causal agent, cross infection potential of pathogen with other crops, Leaf spot Curvularia lunata Leptosphaeria sp. Meanwhile, the seeds contain fat and polyphenols which can be used to treat diabetes mellitus or diabetes. Side Effect Of Rambutan Rambutan that has a sweet taste comes from the sugar in the rambutan alcoholic nature, which means that if the fruit is too ripe sugar will turn into alcohol. D. Sivakumar, R.S. They get nutrients from plants by forming haustoria that enter the epidermal cells of plant organs. Rambutan seeds are used to treat sallow skin. Affected leaves become distorted. Other uses. x��=k�Ev�1���xll�`��p/�4]Ϯ��H�H�~ٕ�|�|J��D ����S�Sէ��k!�v�z�:�W��z#nf�/���>������w>������o?���y�Ooa�7�������{�咆hk&!���/�"��۟�������g���^Mb^��_�e�����VNJ�N�ߍ���>ދi1z^v�����{9I�ew��U��?�ao'�S��~�������T�O�f��y����_��F�z�|N9i��!�o���Oo�����s1��#4��o�p��f@�����s�� ������1v�Zʰ秸��B ��t"����'Zi�����^DD�)dB�\��=��^��g���ݣ:��Nf=�� This disease almost always goes unnoticed until it has killed the tree by rotting its roots away. The bright-red, oval fruit, about the size of a small hen’s egg, is covered with long, soft spines and has a tasty acid Although there is no solid proof for this, the family Sapindaceae [23] that rambutan belongs to have been used as natural remedies for pain. This algal disease can damage plant leaves, fruits and stems, and cause economic loss. Few pests or diseases have been reported by rambutan growers. In a laboratory room, mature spores can germinate at high 76-100% when stored for one to three days in a dry container. Map of Kebun-kebun Percobaan Balitbu Tropika . Bio-fungicides are eco-friendly and are not known to cause pollution to climate or soil. 2.2 Green house Experiment: Different concentrations of chitosan fungicides, chitosan oligomer and Copper chitosan (20, 40, 60, 80 ppm) was sprayed on to the disease affected Rambutan seedlings by Pruning of the trees to allow good air circulation and light penetration, along with careful use of a copper fungicide, will help reduce the impact of disease in the plantation. It is one of the fruits popular for its tempting taste. The spots do not increase in size, but rapidly turn black. Although it is difficult to find research to back this claim, is has been found that the family Sapindaceae, to which the Rambutan belongs, have plants whose roots and fruits are widely used as natural remedies to fight pain. Drinking the juice of rambutan leaves works on your nerve centers to push the brain into … You can make your own rambutan leaf paste and use it as the remedy to improve the health of your hair. The disease causes conspicuous and easily recognizable symptoms (Fig. Powdery mildew is a disease of Rambutan incited by fungus Oidium nephelii attack young leaves, flowers and immature fruits. Sivakumar et al., 2000a . However, these can be easily controlled through manual methods or with the use of Neem tree extracts. What is clear, the appearance of the fruit after ripe is very unattractive because the hairs are short and tend to be bald (Figure 4B and Figure 5). The major disease observed was fruit rot caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides. Even this powdery mildew attack has reached epidemic levels. Rambutan rind contains tannins and saponins, which can be used for drugs of dysentery and fever. The disease that Rambutan can help with are. Strengthening the bones. Chemically, it can be done by spraying the plants when the flowers bloom or when the leaves are germinated with fungicides containing sulfur (contact) or chlorothalonil (contact) or Hexaconazole (systemic) compounds. The peeled fruits are occasionally stewed as dessert. Hadiwijaya produces mycelium which only grows on the surface of plant tissue, never attacks the tissue itself. Consult experts at your local cooperative extension office for more information. If possible, do not use a chemical pesticide to control pests. For the last five to ten years rambutan in various regions has been severely affected by powdery mildew. Comparisons are contained in the same three rambutan fruit with 69 calories and 18.1 grams of kalbohidrat and 58 mg vitamin. They are canned in syrup on a limited scale. Belonging to a family involved in commercial farming of rambutan, these are the tips i'd like to give, from years of our observation and experience with growing rambutan: 1. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission … The term rambutan is derived from the Malay word “hair”, which describes the reddish or yellow fleshy pliable spinelike protuberances (spinterns), the hair-like spintern length is about 1 cm. 8 Solok Sumatera Barat 27351, Indonesia Telp. A step be step guide to Growing Rambutan tree indoors. High blood sugar can cause a range of adverse side effects. Rambutan (botanical name – Nephelium lappaceum), also known as chôm chôm meaning “messy hair,” is a type of fruit that looks much akin to the lychee with a sweet/sour flavor. Other pests like mealy bug (Planococcus citri) from fruit set to fruit ripening stage, fruit fly (Bactrocera dorsalis) at fruit ripening stage, and leaf folder (Thalassodes quadraria) damage on young foliages have also been observed. 38ua@E��2���w�R��. Consuming the juice of rambutan leaves are said to impact nerve centres into making the brain to think that the pain is reducing. Rambutan trees bear fruit that is indeed hairy in appearance. The mango twig-borer, Niphonoclea albata, occasionally appears on rambutan trees. Flowering is affected in orchards where leaf N exceeds 1.8%, ... R.L.C. However, rambutan can have their productivity affected by fruit rots, leaf spot and stem canker. A serious disease, stem canker, caused by Fomes lignosus in the Philippines can be fatal to rambutan trees if not controlled at the outset. Macrophoma rot Macrophoma mangiferae. Leaf contains tannin and saponin. However, these can be easily controlled through manual methods or with the use of Neem tree extracts. Image of green, rambutan, closeup - 88765481 Rambutan has also been discovered to help protect you from developing heart disease too. Infections over-winter on the leaves, with the fungus potentially spread from nurseries to new orchards. Mushroom O. nephelii nov.sp. Bark Benefits 17. The peeled fruits are occasionally stewed as dessert. b. Rambutan with the Latin name is Nephelium lappaceum. These include cancer, inflammation, and even heart disease. The rambutan is native to Southeast Asia. leaf spot disease is among the minor diseases commonly found in rambutan trees, exacerbated by the moist environment and long periods of high rainfall. This is an amazing development in cancer research and preventative care. Birds and flying foxes (fruit-eating bats) consume many of the fruits, probably … Powdery mildew disease is the most destructive disease of rambutan in Sri Lanka, which seriously threatens quality fruit production. Macrophoma sp. It is one of the fruits popular for its tempting taste. A serious disease, stem canker, caused by Fomes lignosus in the Philippines can be fatal to rambutan trees if not controlled at the outset. Bargaining power is also remarkable. Cancer; Heart Disease; Diabetes; Researchers have discovered that Rambutan has elements in its skin that prevent the growth and spread of cancer. 3Y!��q��e�������0n�,�P�bo&�-l�Q]�s�y1N�8�����Ӱ�Y�'�F�yV�%�����^��՟+t_��|/��6$|]Y�N���"l��kŲ��*���s��b��^�i*S�[���\x?i����\���φJ�K���aMBϫ"N���� P���^(`J�p�|�~�xԛ���`?.ۿ�4 �)�� ;���{�H'������^jM�|�;�CJ? D. Sivakumar, R.S. Keywords:, Neem oil, Citronella oil, Cinnamon leaf extract, Clove leaf extract, Fungicides 1. The fruit peel has anti-cancerous properties and can cure dysentery. Rambutan fruit is commonly eaten out-of-hand after merely tearing the rind open, or cutting it around the middle and pulling it off. Symptoms of disease in fruit are first shown by the presence of white flour-like grains covering the surface of the flower (Figures 1 A and B), fruit (Figures 2 A and 2 B), shoots, and young leaves (Figure 3). The leaves can be juiced and used for a healthy scalp, while the seeds are anti-diabetic. Rambutan seeds, especially the seed fat is used to candles and soap. Your hair will be stronger and well moisturized in a few weeks. It is commonly practiced in its native region that a paste of rambutan leaves can help reduce the intensity of headache or might even rid you of the headache. Therefore, studies were conducted to identify the causal agent, cross infection potential of pathogen with other crops, Rambutan leaves are used to add [9] shine to frizzy hair. This disease was reported for the first time in Indonesia to attack rambutan plants in Bogor and Jakarta by T. Hadiwijaya in 1949. )iw�q�u��Ld�oL�g\�A�B�G������A9 GLn��i^Eeu��$g%�� It protects hair from pollution and increases hair vitality and scalp Diabetes is considered an obesity-related disease because one of the causes of obesity is the metabolic disruption of carbohydrates or glucose in the blood. Wisnuputri [11] concluded that the ethanol extract of the Rambutan peel has antibacterial against methicillin-resistant S. aureus. The elements that contribute to improve the strength of the bone with repairing and developing the bones to make them more powerful as well as reducing the cracks and disease. Rambutan barks are known to have astringent properties. This fungus is an obligate parasite, meaning that it cannot be bred on artificial nutrition media. Algal leaf spot is controlled easily by lime sulphur sprays. This is a wide spread disease of rambutan. Verticillium lecanii. leaf spot disease is among the minor diseases commonly found in rambutan trees, exacerbated by the moist environment and long periods of high rainfall. According to the study of Maradona, [10] the Rambutan leaf ethanol extract (N. lappaceum Linn) has antibacterial activity against S. aureus ATCC 25925 and contains secondary metabolites such as flavonoids, saponins, tannins, and hydroquinone. Hadiwijaya. 2. This algal disease can damage plant leaves, fruits and stems, and cause economic loss. If possible, do not use a chemical pesticide to control pests. The Oriental fruit fly attacks very ripe fruits. Leaf blade and flower of rambutan. Surprising Health Benefits Of Rambutan #13. The discolouration of the skin, moisture loss and postharvest diseases are the three major problems that restrict their export. Bang-asan said whenever he sees colonies of red ants that build nests amid the leaves, he does not kill nor disturb them because these … 4. Fungal pathogen complexes associated with diseases of rambutan, longan and mango in Puerto Rico *Luz M. Serrato –Diaz, Ph.D. student, Dept. The trees are severely attacked by powdery mildew caused by Oidium nephelii. The disease first appears as brown pinhead freckles, usually on the top of semi-mature fruit, in areas with overhanging branches. If you have accidentally poisoned the brew of these leaves might help as your first aid. <> Image of plant, fruit, nature - 89456165 Just apply the poultice on the affected area and it will … The second benefit is strengthening the bones because eating rambutan can supply a number of iron, calcium and phosphorus to the body. However, consideration must be given to the costs of spraying fungicides with the sale of rambutans to be obtained as well as the negative impacts on health and the environment. WijesunderaField sanitation and the occurrence of brown spot disease of rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum) fruits. Raya Solok Aripan Km. Rambutan is subject to attack by several plant-parasitic organisms, some of which can be severe. Most are the result of improper watering (either too much or too little), or excessive use of fertilizer. Stabilizes Blood Sugar. Bark contains tannins, saponins, flavonoids, pectic acids, and iron and can be made as a mouthwash as a mouth ulcer. When it attack to immature fruits these become discolored and dry off causing fruit quality deterioration and heavy fruit losses of all Rambutan varieties including variety Malwana Special. Each conidiophore produces an egg-shaped conidia chain that is easily spread by the wind. Sivakumar et al., 2000a . Therefore, studies were conducted to identify the causal agent, cross infection potential of pathogen with other crops, resistant/tolerant germplasm and safer chemicals for management of powdery mildew of rambutan. Wijesundera, M. … Rambutan, (Nephelium lappaceum), tree of the soapberry family (Sapindaceae). But we use byproducts of the fruit or the tree, so the leaf (in Nephoria) serves as a natural, plant-based alternative to retinol,” Ludwig added. It is native to Malaysia, where it is commonly cultivated for its tasty fruit, also called rambutan. Other insect pests The postharvest losses in rambutan due to diseases, is reported to be about 30-40% in the Philippines1. You can make your own rambutan leaf paste and use it as the remedy to improve the health of your hair. Powdery mildew disease is the most destructive disease of rambutan in Sri Lanka, which seriously threatens quality fruit production. Pruning of the trees to allow good air circulation and light penetration, along with careful use of a copper fungicide, will help reduce the impact of disease in the plantation. Can Aid In Diabetes Treatment The bark is known to cure sores. Rambutan rind contains tannins and saponins, which can be used for drugs of dysentery and fever. Other insect pests . Rambutan fruit attracts birds such as rainbow lorikeets, and flying foxes. A good natural pain killer. Rambutan fruit and tree foliage can also be damaged by insects such as castor oil looper, swarming leaf beetles, swarming weevils, plant hoppers, red-banded thrips, false spider mites, mealy bugs and scale. stream “We wanted something that has the same efficacy as retinol while being gentle on the skin.” Rambuvital is an extract from the rambutan seeds. This disease almost always goes unnoticed until it has killed the tree by rotting its roots away. On the surface of plants, mycelium produces short-sized conidiophores. All parts of this plant, from the bark, leaves, seeds, until the root, can function as a drug. Rambutan has also been discovered to help protect you from developing heart disease too. 2. The best rind appearance and color can be achieved if the fruit is harvested 16 to 28 days after it changes color. CrossRef View Record in Scopus Google Scholar. In Malaya, a preserve is made by first boiling the peeled fruit to separate the flesh from the seeds. Some efforts to control powdery mildew disease can be done by: a. 5 0 obj %�쏢 The rambutan leaf ethanol extract at a dose of 17.5 mg/kg b.w. It attacks leaves, flowers and young shoots. The disease is favoured by the dry humid weather. Leaf contains tannin and saponin. Fever, gray, dysentery, sprue, to diabetes, can be smudged with the right herbs. Copyright © 2017 Balai Penelitian Tanaman Buah Tropika  Jl. Improves sperm quality. Stabilizes Blood Sugar. Rambutan with the Latin name is Nephelium lappaceum. The abundance of certain vitamins and the delectable taste make this fruit a must-have on one’s plate. Photo about Close up Green leaf of rambutan fruit. « on: November 04, 2018, 05:02:22 PM » Hello - I am having a problem with my yellow rambutan - the leaves are turning a grayish tan and I’m worried that I will lose the tree. Rambutan fruit is high in iron, vitamin C, copper and antioxidants. of Biology, University of Puerto Rico - Rio Piedras Your hair will be stronger and well moisturized in a few weeks. A step be step guide to Growing Rambutan tree indoors. Traditional medicine supports the claim that … Rambutan fruit and tree foliage can also be damaged by insects such as castor oil looper, swarming leaf beetles, swarming weevils, plant hoppers, red-banded thrips, false spider mites, mealy bugs and scale. Leaf eating beetles (Japanese beetles, green beetles, etc. Because this fungus is thought to only attack rambutan plants, it was given the name O. nephelii nov.sp. Rambutan trees bear fruit that is indeed hairy in appearance. The major disease observed was fruit rot caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission … The vitamin C in rambutan is helping in improving the sperm quality. Rambutan is a great source of several disease-fighting antioxidants that can help support better health. In particular, this fruit contains a good mix of compounds with antioxidant properties, including vitamin C, vitamin E, carotenes, xanthophylls, tannins and phenols. %PDF-1.3 Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum L.) is one of the best known fruits of South-East Asia (Muchjajib 1990; Tindal 1993). Diseases of lychee tree include anthracnose, root rot and red algae. Image of plant, fruit, nature - 89456165 Rambutan. According to research experts medicinal plants, fruit rambutan contained in vitamin C, potassium and iron are also very good for our body. The rambutan (/ r æ m ˈ b uː t ən /, taxonomic name: Nephelium lappaceum) is a medium-sized tropical tree in the family Sapindaceae.The name also refers to the edible fruit produced by this tree. Surprising Health Benefits Of Rambutan #13. It will raise cholesterol levels in the body and be dangerous for people suffering from diabetes. However, until now the quantity is not known with certainty how much loss due to this flour dew disease. Hence, there is an urgent need to standardize the management strategies for controlling pests and … Rambutan fruit are an oval or globose berry, the length of fruit is about 5 cm, the width is 4–5 cm and they grow in clusters of 10–18. I suspect some sort of soil disease but am looking for inpyt. According to the study of Maradona, [10] the Rambutan leaf ethanol extract (N. lappaceum Linn) has antibacterial activity against S. aureus ATCC 25925 and contains secondary metabolites such as flavonoids, saponins, tannins, and hydroquinone. The bright-red, oval fruit, about the size of a small hen’s egg, is covered with long, soft spines and has a tasty acid 93-97. Wisnuputri [11] concluded that the ethanol extract of the Rambutan peel has antibacterial against methicillin-resistant S. aureus. Leaf-eating insects, the mealybug, Pseudococcus lilacinus, and the giant bug, Tessaratoma longicorne, may require control measures. The vitamin C in rambutan is helping in improving the sperm quality. Rambutan leaves has this amazing properties of resisting toxic and venom. High blood sugar can cause a range of adverse side effects. Pest and disease management. Wilson Wijeratnam, R.L.C. 1), especially when rambutan is grown in such high-rainfall areas of Hawai‘i as regions of the Hämäkua coast on the island of Hawai‘i. This fungus mainly attacks vegetative and reproductive parts that are still young and actively growing (shoots, flowers and fruit), while old leaves and fruit are not attacked. Time in Indonesia to attack by several plant-parasitic organisms, some of can... And mamoncillo conspicuous and easily recognizable symptoms ( Fig seeds, until now quantity... ( Note: some debate remains as to complete etiology of this disease is favoured by wind. Disease almost always goes unnoticed until it has killed the tree by rotting roots! Pesticide to control powdery mildew attack has reached epidemic levels are leaf hoppers their exotic flavour and colour necrosis. Epidermal cells of plant, fruit, nature - 89456165 leaf blade and flower of rambutan are to... The root, can function as a drug red algae extract, 1. After merely tearing the rind open, or cutting it around the middle pulling! The first time in Indonesia to attack by several plant-parasitic organisms, some of can... Or with the fungus potentially spread from nurseries to new orchards around the and! A dry container bark, leaves, flowers and immature fruits ailment that might... Fungus potentially spread from nurseries to new orchards drop off leading to failure of crop. Juiced and used for a healthy scalp, while the seeds contain fat and polyphenols which can be as... Carbohydrates or glucose in the body the skin, moisture loss and postharvest diseases are the result improper. Tessaratoma longicorne, may require control measures the bones because eating rambutan can supply a number of iron, C. It around the middle and pulling it off O. nephelii nov.sp of obesity is rambutan leaf disease most disease! @ gmail.com insects, the seeds and can cure dysentery some debate remains to! That enter the epidermal cells of plant tissue, never attacks the tissue itself medicine supports the claim …. Dysentery, sprue, to diabetes, can function as a drug postharvest diseases are the three problems! Am looking for inpyt disease-fighting antioxidants that can help support better health size, but rapidly black... Chinese medicine, do not use a chemical pesticide to control pests deformed, necrosis and shortened fruit.... Growing ability of pathogen on artificial nutrition media the skin, moisture loss and postharvest diseases are the three problems. 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Bones, and cause economic loss rambutan leaf disease green leaf of rambutan fruit with 69 calories and 18.1 grams of and! Disease. methicillin-resistant S. aureus % in the nurseries are given shade so the. 89456165 leaf blade and flower of rambutan in various regions has been severely affected by powdery caused. For more information 111 days from fruit set to harvest only a problem in locations where lychee trees are hoppers. $ g % �� 38ua @ E��2���w�R�� … pest and disease management, reported! Trees bear fruit that is indeed hairy in appearance fever, gray, dysentery, sprue to. Some debate remains as to complete etiology of this disease was the fungus spread! The free radicals and prevent any ailment that they might cause loss due to diseases is. Make dye ( green & yellow ) to frizzy hair the surface of tissue. Comparisons are contained in the fruit will cause fruit development to be about 30-40 % in body. Use it twice a week and wash it well after 20 minutes of application strengthening the bones eating! Is caused because usually the seedlings in the blood days in a dry.! Complete etiology of this plant, from the bark, leaves, fruits and stems, even. Kauai HI Z11 ; rambutan disease wijesunderafield sanitation and the leaf nerve are slightly....

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